Technology and Innovation in Trades

Why I think the future of energy is in Hydrogen and not Electric

October 31, 2023

An electrician stands thoughtfully in a workshop, surrounded by electric and hydrogen power equipment. He holds an electric vehicle battery in one hand and a hydrogen fuel cell model in the other. Background diagrams illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of electric and hydrogen power systems. The balanced lighting emphasizes the electrician's contemplation of the future of sustainable energy

In recent years, the world has witnessed a substantial shift towards sustainable and cleaner energy sources. This article may be controversial to some people as Electric energy has emerged as a promising solution to combat climate change and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. However, it is not without its challenges. As an electrician you would have thought that I would be cheerleading the electrical revolution. This is not the case, as I am aware of the operational challenges ahead. Establishing the necessary infrastructure and fulfilling the government's proposed demand would be a significant undertaking, presenting a logistical nightmare.This article aims to discuss the problems associated with electric energy and highlight why hydrogen power holds the potential to be a superior alternative.

The Challenges of Electric Energy:

  1. Energy Storage: One of the primary challenges with electric energy lies in efficient energy storage. Batteries, the most common method of energy storage for electric vehicles and renewable energy sources, have limitations in terms of capacity, weight, and cost. Developing high-capacity batteries that are sustainable and affordable remains a considerable hurdle. At present the best in class would probably be the Libbi battery for UK prosumers. This individual battery produces 5kWh of electricity.

  1. Resource Dependency: Electric energy still heavily relies on rare earth metals, which are often found in limited quantities and concentrated in specific regions. This dependence raises questions about resource availability and geopolitical implications.

The Promise of Hydrogen Power

1. Abundant Resource: Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. It can be produced from various sources, such as water through electrolysis, natural gas reforming, and biomass gasification. This availability reduces concerns about resource scarcity and dependency on specific regions.

2. Versatile Applications: Hydrogen can be used in various sectors, including transportation, industry, and power generation. It can be utilised as a clean fuel for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), enabling longer driving ranges and faster re-fuelling times compared to battery-powered vehicles.

3. Zero Emissions: When used in fuel cells, hydrogen produces electricity with only water and heat as byproducts, making it a zero-emission energy carrier. This characteristic is crucial for achieving carbon neutrality and mitigating climate change.

4. Efficient Energy Storage: Hydrogen can serve as an efficient means of energy storage, providing a viable solution to overcome the limitations of battery storage for renewable energy sources. It can store excess energy during periods of high generation and release it during times of low demand.

Overcoming Challenges and Transitioning to Hydrogen Power

To ensure the widespread adoption of hydrogen power and address potential challenges, several steps must be taken:

1. Technological Advancements: Continued research and development are essential to improve hydrogen production methods, enhance fuel cell efficiency, and reduce costs associated with hydrogen technologies.

2. Infrastructure Investment: A robust hydrogen infrastructure, including production, storage, and distribution facilities, needs to be established to support the growing demand for hydrogen-powered applications.

3. Collaboration and Policy Support: Governments, industries, and research institutions must collaborate to create a conducive environment for the development and integration of hydrogen technologies. Supportive policies, incentives, and regulations can accelerate the transition to hydrogen power.


Electric energy has undoubtedly made significant strides towards sustainability, but it faces challenges in energy storage, infrastructure, and resource dependency. Hydrogen power offers a promising alternative with its abundance, versatility, zero-emission characteristics, and efficient energy storage capabilities. Through technological advancements, infrastructure investment, and policy support, hydrogen power can emerge as a superior and sustainable energy solution, contributing to a cleaner and greener future.

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